ARCELOR MITTAL'S industrial waste management
Keywords:dump, man-made form of relief, lidonit, settling basins, Ruhr ecological model, ecological model Kiruna, steel ecosystem
Over the past four decades the largest slag dump in the country has been formed near the town Galati, belonging to Arcelor Mittal Integrated Steel Galati. The deposit, regarded as a mountain of waste materials, can become a useful source of construction materials, replacing natural materials by using a modern technology. Until then it is still an element with a particular impact on the environment through changes in the landscape, visual discomfort, air, surface water and groundwater pollution, soil fertility changes and changing in the composition of neighboring biocoenoses and of course, a negative social impact. Measures to avoid, or decrease the effects are related either to greening the slag dump, provided by law to begin in 2014, and ecological models that have proved reliable in other EU countries can be taken over, or to exploitation of the slag and its conversion into construction material for roads, highways, dams, successfully replacing natural materials - rocks for construction.