Technical approaches to the geographical investigations of the dynamics of socio-economic condition of the rural settlements during the transition period (based on the example of Ivano-Frankovsk region, Ukraine)
Keywords:rural area, rural settlement, mortality, depopulation, migration, employment of the population, structure of the employment
Modern socio-economic development of Ukraine is characterized by notable qualitative and quantitative changes for the worse practically in all the spheres of vital activities of the population. At the same time rural settlement experiences the burden of transition period. The article deals with the technical approaches to the geographical investigations of the dynamics of socio-economic condition of the rural settlements (based on of Ivano-Frankivsk region, Ukraine). The geographical aspects of the rural depopulation problem as the identifier of economic and social state of the region are revealed; the territorial peculiarities of the villagers’ level of employment in social production as the basis of their financial condition and in personal subsidiary husbandry are disclosed; the geography of employment is shown: a) within the limits of “own” settlement, b) outside the “own” settlement, including the settlements abroad; structure of the employment of rural settlement depending on the economic activity; presence of the economic activity objects in rural area and their sectoral structure.