Climatic features of the Romanian territory generated by the action of Mediterranean cyclones
Keywords:mediterranean cyclones, cyclones tracks, subtropical climate, Romania
A dynamic factor with a determining influence on Romania’s climate is the cyclonic activity within the Mediterranean Sea; the baric depressions that frequently form and evolve here towards the cyclone state are mobile most of the times, and their circulation is mostly towards and over the Balkan Peninsula and South-Eastern Europe. Their action significantly influences the climate in the South-Eastern part of the continent and brings about important spatial differences also between the different regions of Romania. The topic is intensely researched upon in Romanian climatology. In the present research, starting from synoptic materials at the continental level and from observations within 9 meteorological stations in Romania, the thermo-pluviometric impact of the Mediterranean cyclones was evaluated as per data gathered in the last decade. Moreover, the role of these cyclones as transmitting vectors of the subtropical influences on Romania’s territory is evaluated.