The occupational structure of Mureş County in 2011
Keywords:2011 Census, economic sectors, social-economic dependance
This study intends to present several aspects concerning the occupational structure of the population inhabiting Mureş County and its 102 lower-tier administrative units, based on statistical data registered at the last census. From a total population of 550,846 people, 41.2% (226,925) are active, while 58.8% (323,921) are inactive. Within the active population, many are employed in the service sector, 42.4%, followed by industry and constructions 31.2%, agriculture with 23.7%, and quaternary activities 2.7%. Roughly 8% of the active population are unemployed. Within the inactive population, the highest share is held by pensioners 39.4%, a category comprising other situations (other types of dependants) 26%, students and pupils 25%, and house workers, with 9.6%. According to the occupational status, most are salarymen (75.1%), followed by self-employed, 14.4%, family workers (without pay), 8.9%, owners/employers, 1.2%, and members of agricultural societies/cooperatives and other situations, with 0.1% each.